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William II — Henry I — Used a large chequered cloth to count income leading to finance being known as the Exchequer. His eldest son, William Aetheling drowned in the White Ship Disaster which led to a succession crisis. Stephen — Henry II — Richard I — John — Isabella of Gloucester , 2. Isabella of Angouleme Known as Lackland because his father did not grant him any land.
The 10 Greatest British Monarchs In History
Henry III — Edward I — Eleanor of Castile , 2. Margaret of France Nicknamed Longshanks because he was tall and the Hammer of the Scots because he fought in Scotland. He conquered Wales and built many castles. When his wife, Eleanor, died, Edward erected crosses along her funeral route including at Charing Cross in London. Edward II — He was deposed in favour of his son and imprisoned where he died. Edward III — Society changed following the drastic reduction in the population following the Black Death. Richard II — Anne of Bohemia , 2. Isabella of Valois Became King at the age of 10 years when he succeeded his grandfather to the throne.
He was deposed and imprisoned in Pontefract Castle where he died. Henry IV — Mary de Bohun , 2. Henry V — He died from a wound sustained while fighting.
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Henry VI — , — Edward IV — Edward V Edward and his brother Richard mysteriously died in the Tower of London and are referred to as the Princes in the Tower. Richard III — Henry VII — His marriage to Elizabeth of York ended the Wars of the Roses.
Henry VIII — Catherine of Aragon , 2. Anne Boleyn , 3. Jane Seymour , 4. Anne of Cleves , 5. Kathryn Howard , 6. Katherine Parr Famously married six times and beheaded two of his queens. He broke with Rome and made himself Head of the Church of England in order to obtain a divorce from Catherine of Aragon and changed religion to Anglican.
- The History of the Kings of Britain Geoffrey of Monmouth Folio Society 1969.
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- Arthurian Passages from The History of the Kings of Britain?
Edward VI — Was a committed Protestant and introduced the Book of Common Prayer. He died after 6 years as King. Lady Jane Grey Mary I — Elizabeth I — Ruled for 45 years, saw English victory in the Spanish Armada and had the American state of Virginia named after her by Walter Raleigh.
History Kings Britain by Geoffrey Monmouth - AbeBooks
James I — He was the first Stuart monarch and survived the Gunpowder Plot attempt to assassinate him and the government. Charles I — His refusal to grant concessions led to the English Civil War He was executed by Parliament at the end of the war. Oliver Cromwell — Britain was declared a Commonwealth and Cromwell was its Head. Cromwell was a strict Puritan and imposed Puritanism on the country. Richard Cromwell — However he was not a leader like his father and the monarchy was restored. Charles II — James II — Anne Hyde , 2. Mary of Modena Showed openly Catholic tendencies and was replaced by his daughter and son-in-law.
Was King Arthur a real person?
William then ruled alone until his death in Queen Anne — George I — George II — George III — He suffered from bouts of insanity which have been attributed to the condition porphyria. He was very reluctant to concede defeat in the American War of Independence. In his later years his son took over as regent.
The period is known as the Regency. George IV — He ordered the construction of the Royal Pavilion in Brighton. Topics King Arthur , myths.
The two great medieval histories of the British people, those by Geoffrey of Monmouth and Nennius, have long been dismissed as fantasy. But among such tales as the arrival of the Trojan Brutus, the slaying of the giant Gogmagog, and the 12 battles of Arthur, the last of the British kings, might there be elements of truth? Both writers drew on various sources, including histories now lost and heroic tales passed down the generations. Naturally, the details became garbled over time in the retelling, and events were chopped and changed or invented to suit the intentions of the writers.
Instead, they derive from epics that record the power struggle between two Iron Age tribes of southern Britain, the Trinovantes and the Catuvellauni. With this in mind, many of the individuals and places mentioned in the histories can be recast with those familiar from Iron Age coinage and ancient texts. This is more than an exercise in historical matchmaking, but speaks also of the importance of heroic tradition in Iron Age and Romano-British society.